Byelaws

Byelaws

Byelaws made by the Conservators of Epping Forest, in pursuance of the Epping Forest Acts 1878 and 1880 and the City of London (Various Powers) Act 1977.

Interpretation

1. In these byelaws “the Conservators” means the Conservators of Epping Forest; “the Forest” means the open waste lands of Epping Forest as shown by the Map referred to in Section 10 of the City of London (Various Powers) Act 1956 (exclusive of the enclosed portion of that part of the Forest which is known as Wanstead Park), and also all other lands held by the Conservators for the purposes of the Epping Forest Act 1878 or any part thereof; “Superintendent” means the Superintendent for the time being of the Forest; “vehicle” includes a wagon, cart, carriage, car, van, lorry, caravan, truck, motor-cycle or other vehicle whether mechanically propelled or not, but excludes a bicycle or tricycle; “power-driven model aircraft” means any model aircraft driven by the combustion of petrol-vapour or other combustible substance; and “footpath” includes any trodden track between trees or through grass or thick undergrowth suitable for the passage of pedestrians.

Officers, etc.

2. An act necessary to the proper execution of his duty in the Forest;

(a) by an officer of the Conservators; or

(b) by any person or the servant of any person employed, engaged or employed, engaged or appointed by the Conservators shall not be deemed an offence against these byelaws.

Prohibited acts

3. The doing of or attempting to do any of the following acts in the Forest is prohibited and shall be deemed to be an offence against the Epping Forest Act 1878:

Enclosing, building or encroaching

(1) Enclosing or building or otherwise encroaching upon any part of the Forest.

New roads, sewers, drains, etc, without licence

(2) Without the licence in writing of the Conservators making or forming any new roads or footpaths in the Forest, or digging, laying, or constructing any waterway, sewer, drain, or similar work in, under or across it or any part of it.

Discharging sewage etc.

(3) Without the licence in writing of the Conservators laying down any pipe or drain, or digging any hole in order to discharge, or direct surface water, sewage or any offensive liquid into or upon the Forest.

Taking anything from the Forest

(4) Taking or moving any substance in or from the Forest, save with the previous written consent of the Conservators, PROVIDED that this byelaw shall not apply to the collection in any one day of no more than 12 kg of loose, dead or driftwood, of which no piece shall exceed 5 cm in diameter and 91 cm in length.

Damaging trees or other growing things

(5) Damaging or injuring or climbing up or upon any tree or other growing thing in or from the Forest, save with the previous written consent of the Conservators.

Making fires, etc

(6) Making or starting in the Forest any bonfire or other fire of any substance, whether growing or not, and whether intentionally or by negligence without the previous written consent of the Conservators.

Placing matches or other materials on the Forest

(7) Placing, throwing, dropping or leaving on the Forest any lighted match or other materials to the danger of the trees or any part of the Forest, whether growing or not.

Selling intoxicating liquors

(8) Selling on the Forest without the previous authority, in writing, of the Conservators, either with or without a licence, any intoxicating liquors as defined by law.

Model aircraft

(9) Flying any power-driven model aircraft, except when the person flying such aircraft has in his possession and is conforming to the requirements of a valid permit issued to him by the Superintendent in accordance with the provisions of the First Schedule hereto.

Using vehicles, etc to the danger of the public

(10) Driving, moving, or using a bicycle, tricycle or vehicle upon the Forest to the danger, injury, annoyance or inconvenience of the public.

Vehicles in the Forest

(11) Driving, moving or leaving any vehicle in or on the Forest except

(a) on a highway;

(b) within 45 metres of a highway between one hour before sunrise and one hour after sunset for picnic or other pleasure purposes on the Forest in those parts of the Forest where no notice or sign to the contrary effect is exhibited by order of the Conservators, PROVIDED that no injury is done to the Forest and provided always that any directions of an officer of the Conservators are obeyed;

(c) in a vehicle park during those hours prescribed by the Conservators for the parking of vehicles and indicated by notices therein;

(d) pursuant to a wayleave granted by the Conservators;

(e) with the prior consent in writing of the Superintendent.

Damaging places set apart for vehicles

(12) Driving a vehicle in a place set apart by the Conservators for the use of vehicles in such a manner as to cause damage or injury to the surface of the same.

Landing helicopters etc

(13) Landing or otherwise bringing into the Forest a helicopter or other aircraft without the previous written consent of the Conservators.

Turning out uncommonable animals

(14) Turning out to graze or feed or allowing or suffering to remain on the Forest any animal or bird except such animals as may of right be so turned out and remain.

Molesting Commoners’ cattle

(15) Chasing or in any other way molesting the Commoners’ cattle.

Going after animals, birds, etc

(16) Hunting, trapping, chasing, catching or injuring any animal or bird or its home or its nest in or over the Forest (including the taking of the eggs of any bird) or going equipped to do so.

Carrying guns, endangering the public, causing a nuisance etc

(17) (a) Carrying, firing or otherwise discharging any firearm or other weapon of offence, except with the previous written permission of the Conservators or (b) doing anything which may endanger any person or property or (c) acting in any way so as to be a nuisance, obstruction or annoyance to the public, so as to hinder or interfere with the exercise of their rights of recreation on the Forest.

Unlawful fishing

(18) Fishing (a) in those lakes or ponds where notices are displayed that fishing is preserved except with the previous written consent of the Superintendent and on payment of such charges as the Conservators from time to time fix; (b) from one hour after sunset to one hour before sunrise in such ponds or lakes where fishing is so prohibited by notices exhibited by order of the Conservators.

Damaging etc property of Conser-vators; Polluting water

(19) Damaging, defacing, disfiguring, removing or interfering with any article, structure or establishment in or on the Forest, set up by, or being in the control of, the Conservators, including Forest marks or boundaries, or tampering with any works controlling or regulating the water in any ponds, lakes or watercourses in the Forest, or polluting the water therein.

Washing animals or vehicles

(20) Washing any animal or vehicle in the Forest.

Erecting buildings etc without licence

(21) Erecting or placing upon any part of the Forest, without the licence of the Conservators, or in contravention of the Regulations set forth in the Second Schedule hereto, any building or erection whatsoever, whether it is there for permanent or temporary purposes.

Provided that this byelaw shall not apply to the erection and the removal on the same day of a tent or awning of a size not greater than five metres in length during the period of one hour before sunrise and one hour after sunset, for pleasure or picnic purposes.

Camping

(22) Camping in the Forest without the licence of the Conservators, or in contravention of the Regulations set forth in the Third Schedule hereto.

Plying for hire without a licence

(23) Plying for the hire of or letting out any animal, with or without any cart or carriage, without the licence of the Conservators first obtained, in contravention of the Regulations set forth in the Fourth Schedule hereto.

Riding to the danger of the public or injury of Commonors’ cattle etc

(24) Riding or bringing an animal on or over any of the footpaths of the Forest or on or over any portions of the Forest set apart for exercises, sports or games.

Provided that this byelaw shall not apply to domestic cats, dogs, or such animals of other species as are of a sort commonly kept as domestic pets, nor to any Commoners’ animals duly marked by a Reeve of Epping Forest in accordance with the Regulations as to turning out cattle made by the Conservators.

Jumping fences or ditches

(25) When riding a horse or other animal in any part of the Forest.

Riding or bringing animals on or over footpaths etc.

(26) Exercising or riding a horse or other animal in any part of the Forest to the danger of the public or the injury of the Commoners’ cattle or other animals.

Riding without a licence

(a) Riding by any person of a horse in the Forest for recreation and amusement in breach of Article 1 of the Sixth Schedule hereto.

Exercising without leave

(27) Carrying out any military or other exercises on any portion of the Forest, except with the prior written consent of the Conservators and on such parts as they may set apart for the purpose.

Interfering with persons playing lawful games

(28) Interfering with, obstructing or annoying any persons carrying out any military or other exercises or playing or preparing to play at any lawful game on any portion of the Forest set apart for such exercise or games.

Playing games on Club grounds etc or damaging fences thereof

(29) Without the previous consent of the Conservators,

(a) playing any game or partaking in any sport upon or otherwise using, interfering with or damaging, or

(b) failing to replace, after moving it in order to facilitate playing any game or partaking in any sport, any sprinkler or other equipment upon, any portion of the Forest set apart for the use of Clubs, Associations or individuals for games or sports including any fence, posts or chains placed on or around the same.

Dancing etc

(30) Dancing in such a manner or accompanied by such a noise that it may be a nuisance or annoyance to the public.

Using radio etc, to annoyance of public

(31) Using or operating any radio, record or cassette-player or other similar instrument in such a manner as to cause a nuisance or annoyance to the public or hinder or annoy them.

Provided that this byelaw shall not apply to the operation of such instruments when using in pursuance of a licence granted under Byelaw 3 (21) in respect of a fair or similar temporary entertainment establishment.

Disorderly conduct, etc

(32) Gambling in any form or indulging in indecent or disorderly conduct such as does or is likely to provoke a breach of the peace.

Boating except as prescribed by Conservators etc

(33) Placing or using any boats upon any waters of the Forest, except at such places and during such hours as may be prescribed by the Conservators and specified in notices put up at such places and in accordance with the Conservators’ prior written consent.

Bathing in ponds except as prescribed by Conservators

(34) Bathing in any lakes, ponds or waters of the Forest (other than Bathing Pools specially constructed or set apart for that purpose) except subject to such restrictions as may be prescribed by the Conservators and specified in notices put up at such places and at all times conforming to accepted standards of public decency as regards exposure etc.

Regulations as to Whipps Cross Pool and other Pools

(35) Failing to comply with the regulations set out in the Fifth Schedule hereto when resorting to or using the Bathing Pool at Whipps Cross or any bathing pond specially constructed or set apart to which the Conservators by Resolution direct that this byelaw and the Regulations contained in the said Fifth Schedule shall apply.

Dogs

(36) Bringing or allowing to be brought or to go upon the Forest, any dog not kept under effective control or not wearing a collar bearing the name and address of the owner.

Greyhounds and Whippets

(37) Bringing or allowing to be brought or to go upon the Forest or being in charge upon the Forest, of any Greyhound or Whippet or dog cross-bred therefrom, which is not effectively muzzled.

Racing or training horses or dogs

(38) Racing or training or causing to be raced or trained, any horse or any dog upon the Forest.

Provided that any dog may be trained in the habits of obedience so long as no nuisance is caused to other users of the Forest.

Dogs chasing birds or animals

(39) Bringing or allowing to be brought or to go upon the Forest, any dog which worries or chases any bird or animal in or upon the Forest.

Public speaking or preaching without permission

(40) Delivering any public address of any kind, except with the written permission of the Conservators first obtained and then only upon such portions of the Forest and under such restrictions and regulations as may be specified in such written permission.

Hawking

(41) Hawking or peddling any article or articles without the licence in writing of the Conservators.

Photography

(42) Taking photographs or films for a commercial purpose without the written consent of the Superintendent and on payment of such charges as the Conservators from time to time fix.

Photography

(43) Importuning any person for the purpose of taking or selling any photograph.

Mineral detectors etc

(44) Using or operating a metal or mineral detector or any device for locating objects below ground level, without the previous consent in writing of the Conservators.

Improperly using or disfiguring the Forest

(45) Making any improper or offensive use of any part of the Forest or doing anything tending to the injury or disfigurement thereof or to the defeat of the general purposes of the Epping Forest Act 1878 or of these byelaws.

Rescuing animals from Reeves, etc, or from pounds or injuring pounds

(46) Rescuing or attempting to rescue any animal which is being led driven or taken to any Forest Pound by the Reeves or Assistant Reeves or any other officer of the Conservators or taking or attempting to take such animals out of such pound or injuring any such pound or its lock.

Interfering with or obstructing officers

(47) Interfering with or obstructing the Superintendent or any Keeper, Assistant Keeper, Reeve or Assistant Reeve of the Forest or other officer of the Conservators in the execution of his duty.

Islands in the Forest

(48) Landing or going upon any island in any lake or pond in the Forest, without the previous consent in writing of the Conservators.

Conservators’ Pound

(49) Without the previous consent in writing of the Conservators, entering

(a) any portion of the Forest that has been lawfully enclosed by the Conservators, such enclosure being a garden area or yard attached to a Keeper’s lodge or to any other building erected upon the Forest in connection with the Conservators’ powers of management; or

(b) any portion of the Forest set apart for the time being as a Conservators’ Pound.

Provided that this byelaw shall apply only where a notice is displayed indicating that entry to the enclosure is prohibited.

Power to remove beggars

4. The officers of the Conservators are empowered and directed to exclude and remove from the Forest all beggars.

Penalties

5. Every person who shall offend against any of these byelaws shall be liable on summary conviction for every such offence to a penalty not exceeding Two Hundred Pounds, and in the case of a continuing offence to a further daily penalty not exceeding Twenty Pounds.

Powers of Police

6. Nothing in these byelaws contained shall take away, abridge or limit any remedy now existing by way of indictment or otherwise or shall interfere with or prejudice the powers of the Police or of any authority legally existing for preventing or punishing any offences, whether specified in these byelaws or not or the rights and powers of the Conservators over the Forest.

Repeal

7. From and after the coming into operation of these byelaws, the byelaws made by the Conservators on the 9th day of July, 1953 and allowed by the Ranger of the Forest on the 20th day of September, 1953 and the additional byelaws made by the Conservators on the 3rd day of November, 1960 and allowed by the Ranger of the Forest on the 2nd day of June, 1961 shall be and the same are hereby revoked.‚Äč